The first and the foremost step of a spinal treatment is to check the breathing and heart beat of the particular patient.
The main danger is to the area near the upper neck of the body wherein the injury occurred there may lead to loss of control in the normal breathing. A solution for this is to place a breathing tube and ventilator.
Soon after this, the very next step in the spinal treatment is immobilization.This mainly happens at the injury time just before being taken to the hospital. The patient is quickly being placed in a cervical collar or on a board by the EMT that is, Emergency Medical Technicians.This in turn will help prevent the spine from movement. If not the movement might lead to complications.
The patient is then given high dose of steroids after the spinal cord injury is diagnosed. This step will definitely reduce the amount of damage to the spinal cord thereby reducing swelling and inflammation. There are risk factors regarding the usage of steroids for this type of injury. The Doctor will help decide whether steroids are apt or not. If the usage of steroids happens within 8 Hours of the injury time, then it will be a success.
In order to stabilize the spine and to prevent further damage, the patient is placed in a halo device around the head.
Researches have shown that in most cases, the spinal cord injury are treated with surgery.
The surgery contains 2 main goals. They are as follows:
1. To release any pressure with respect to the spinal cord
2. To stabilize the spine
There are several barriers related to spinal cord injury that needs immediate and specific treatment.
These barriers are :
1. Inability to control the flow of urine.
2. Inability to control bowel movements.
3. Pressure sores.
5. Clotting of blood.
6. Muscle spasms.
8. Chronic pain
After the above procedures, much of the treatment is geared toward recovery.
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